EORI number - all information + instructions for applying
Introduction and definition of The EORI number
Since 1/1/11/2009 traders in the European Union, who want to import or export goods in most cases need an EORI number. EORI is the abbreviation for "Economic Operators' Registration and Identification". It is therefore a number for the registration and identification of economic operators. The EORI number thus replaces the "customs number" valid until 2009. In the EU, each trader receives only one EORI number as an identifier. The aim is to make it easier for the customs authorities of the countries of the EU to better control the flow of goods.
Companies and self-employed persons wishing to import goods from a non-EU country into the EU must provide their EORI number for customs clearance.
Without this, it is no longer possible to check customs on an import unless the importer (also known as the customs declarant) is a private individual.
For exports from the EU to a non-EU country, an EORI number is also required, which is required for the preparation of the export accompanying document.
However, since the export accompanying document only needs to be drawn up from a value of EUR 1,000 or a weight of 1,000 kg of the product to be exported, economic operators do not need an EORI number for export under these values. In principle, private individuals do not need an EORI number for export.
In our article you will learn how to apply for an EORI number and what the procedure is in other countries. We also answer the most frequently asked questions about the EORI number.
Application for the German EORI number
You can apply for a German EORI number free of charge in two different ways. Either you fill in the application form by hand and send it by e-mail or fax to the General Customs Directorate or you submit the application via the citizens' and business customer portal.
Application for the EORI number using form 0870a
To apply using the form, you must access the form online at the following link: Applicat
ion for EORI number
The form can then be completed directly online. Then all pages must be printed and the form must be signed. After that, the form can be sent to the General Customs Directorate either by fax or by e-mail. The e-mail address and fax number can be found on the first page of the EORI application. For any questions about the form, there is also a filling manual, which will be provided: Fi
lling instructions for the application
for EORI numberAfter you have sent the form by fax or e-mail, it takes up to eight weeks before you receive an EORI number by post. However, if you wish to import or export goods in advance, you can forward the completed and signed application for EORI num
ber to your customs agent, e.B. to us. Together with the fax confirmation of the application to the Customs Directorate or the e-mail receipt confirmation, which you receive from the customs office, the goods can then exceptionally be cleared without An EORI number until they have been allocated to you.
Application via the Citizens and Business Customer Portal
Since 01.10.2019, the application for EORI number can also be made electronically via the Citizens and Business Customer Portal. You can set up the required service account under www.zoll-portal.de. If you already have an account, you can log in here:Login Bürger
- und BusinesskundenportalIn order to
be able to identify yourself digitally as an authorized representative of your company or as a private individual, you must register using your Elster certificate. You can then apply for an EORI number via the Citizens and Business Customer Portal. Alternatively, you can change your data stored in the customs system at any time after the EORI number has been issued. Since the eORI number takes some time to complete, you can have the customs clearance carried out by your customs agent such as .B. PUREPROGRESS GmbH, even without An EORI number. All you need to do is provide the transaction number of the application for EORI number.
If you have any questions about the EORI number
In principle, for all any questions concerning the EORI number, please contact the following body.
For the application:
House address: General Customs Directorate, Dresden office, master data management, Carusufer 3-5, D-01099 Dresde
nPostal address: General Customs Directorate, Dresden office, master data management, P.o. box 10 07 61, D-01077 Dresden E-mail: email@example.com
Fax: 0351 44834-442 or 0351 44834-443 or 0351 44834-444
For questions about the application, existing EORI numbers or general question
s:Telephone EORI-Number Hotline: 0351 44834-5
Please note the following common errors/myths:
- The EORI number in Germany is not equal to the UST ID number / VAT number / personal or operating tax number
- An EORI number is not the same as a customs tariff number
- There is no reverse search for EORI numbers
Apply for the EORI number and situation in other countries:
EORI Number Brexit / EORI Number UK (England, Great Britain) + Northern Ireland
Britain left the EU on January 31, 2020. The result is new customs regulations and regulations for the transport of goods (import/export). Since 1 January 2021, both the trading partner from Germany or Northern Ireland and the company in the United Kingdom (England, Wales and Scotland) need an EORI number for the import and export of industrial goods between countries/territories. Without a valid EORI number, you will have to expect delays and increased costs at the border (e.B. storage fees by the customs office due to the absence of an EORI number for check-in). Below you will find everything else in detail:
Transports from a non-EU country to Northern Ireland and transports from Northern Ireland to a non-EU
country You need an EORI number that starts with "XI" when you
- goods between Northern Ireland and non-EU countr
ies (e.B. China,UK, Switzerland, Norway, etc.)
- Want to make a customs declaration in Northern Ireland
- Want to receive a (binding) customs information from Northern Ireland
If you already have an EORI number from another EU country,
you don't need a British EORI number that starts with "GB".
However, if your company is located in Northern Ireland,
you should use a North Irish "XI" Eori number, also known a
s "Eori Number XI", instead of another EU-EORI number.
You do not need an EORI number for the movement of goods between Northern Ireland and Ireland.
Transports from the EU to the UK or from the UKTo the EUFor tran
sports between the EU, e.B. from Germany, Northern Ireland, France, the Netherlands, etc. to great Britain (or vice versa) at least the British company must have a "GB" EORI number. If it does not yet have an EORI number starting with "GB", it must apply for a British EORI number. The EORI number should be requested before the planned transport is carried out, as the number may take up to one week to be awarded.
A company in the UK does not need an EU-EORI number, only a British EORI number that starts with "GB". However, if the company wants to act as a declarant in the customs system of the European Union in the United Kingdom, it will also need an EORI Number in addition to the 'GB' EORI No. in a country of the European Union. Conversely, it is exactly the same: a company in the EU, e.B. in Germany, does not necessarily need a British EORI number, unless it also wants to act as a customs declarant there. However, it always requires an EU-EORI number for the German import/export declaration.
Important: GB-EORI numbers are no longer valid in the EU since 01.01.2021 and EU-EORI numbers are no longer valid in the UK. Both systems of the territories therefore function independently of each other.
EORI Number Switzerland/Liechtenstein, China, Japan, Canada, Norway, Russia, Turkey, USA
Companies from third countries such as the United States, Turkey, Russia, Japan and China, or eftA countries such as Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Norway do not need an EORI number. However, companies from these countries are free to register for an EORI number in an EU country if they wish to act as a customs declarant there. In practice, however, this is difficult, as a company established outside the EU has not been able to act as a customs declarant since the introduction of the UNION Customs Code (see Article 170(2)2 UCC).
EORI Number France
A French EORI number is based on the format "FR" + the company's Siret number.
You can apply for the EORI number here: French EORI number
EORI number Italy
To obtain an Italian EORI number, you must apply for it online here: Italian EORI numberThe fo
rmat of the Italian EORI number corresponds to the letters "IT" and then the tax or VAT identification number.
EORI Number Croatia
All information on applying for a Croatian EORI number can be found on the followi
ng page:Croatian EORI number
EORI Number Lithuania
The application for the Lithuanian EORI number is declared on the lithuanian custo
ms page:Lithuanian EORI number
EORI number Luxembourg
Luxembourg EORI numbers also correspond to the UST-ID-No. of a company.
Find out more here: Luxembourg Customs page for applying for an EORI number
EORI Number Netherlands
On the following page it is possible to apply for a Dutch/Dutch EOR
I number:Dutch EORI number
EORI Number Austria
Information on the application can be obtained on the website of the Federal Ministry of Finance: Information on the Austrian EORI numberT
he application itself can be made online via the following form: Applying for the Austrian EORI numberAfter
you have submitted the application, you will receive a transaction number with which customs clearance is usually already possible without an EORI number.
EORI number Poland
The procedure for applying for a Polish EORI number can be found directly here: Apply for Polish EORI number
EORI Number Sweden
The Swedish EORI number consists of the letters "SE" and the Swedish company number
or, in the case of private individuals, the letters SE and the personal identification number.
Swedish EORI numbers can be applied for online here: Apply for Swedish EORI number
EORI number Spain
To apply for a Spanish EORI number, follow the links on the following page:Requ
est Spanish EORI number
EORI Number Czech Republic
Registration of the Czech EORI number can be made via the followi
ng page:Czech EORI number
Frequently asked questions:
How do I apply for an EORI number?
Depending on the country in which you or Your company is located, the application works differently.
We have summarized for you the links to all official pages/offices, which are responsible for app
lying for the EORI number in the respective country. In most cases, you can then ap
ply electronically or by submitting a signed form by e-mail/fax.
Where do you get the EORI number from?
You will receive your EORI number by post after the application via one of the above links. If you have f
orgotten your EORI number, you can always contact the body that has given you a EORI number in the
past. In Germany, this would be the information and knowledge management office in Dresden. Alternativ
ely, as the holder of the EORI number, you can always ask the customs office responsible for you or a different customs office
for information on the EORI number.
Where can I query the EORI number?
If you know the EORI number you are looking for, you can check it online at the following
mberwithout you know the EORI number, there is no way to get to it for German EORI numbers. However, you can also simply test any EORI number at the above link, as you will see whether the EORI number is invalid or not. Depending on the data protection release in the application for EORI number, the entire address of the owner of the EORI number may also be displayed.
Is the EORI number the UST ID?
In some countries, EORI number 1 to 1 also corresponds to the UST ID (VAT identification number). Since each
country has its own system for awarding the EORI number, there are no uniform standards here. Some countri
es also add codes such as "B01" or multiple zeros before or after the UST ID, resulting in the EORI number.
The German EORI number is independent of the UST ID and therefore cannot be determined by the above method.
How long does it take to get an EORI number?
Depending on the country responsible for allocating the EORI number, it may take from several hours to
several weeks for you to be assigned an EORI number. However, due to the sometimes very long processing time at
the customs office, you can usually also process the goods that have been declared without the EORI number. For this pu
rpose, a process number of the registration for the EORI number (Austria) is usually required or an e-mail/fax confi
rmation of the application for EORI number must be presented.
Is the customs number the EORI number?
The then "customs number" was replaced by the current EORI number in November 2009. Old customs numbers wer
e therefore automatically valid from 1 January 2009, unless the data was given to the Comm
ission of the European Community. Therefore, if you have been in possession of a customs number, it is no
longer valid and you must now apply for an EORI number.
What does a German EORI number look like?
A German EORI number usually has the format "DE" and then a 15-digit sequence of numbers.
If the old customs number has been taken over, a German EORI number can also have the format "DE" as well
as a seven-digit number sequence. For example, the EORI number might look something like this: "DE123456787654321" or "DE1234567"
Where can I apply for the EORI number?
When is an EORI number required?
An EORI number is required whenever you, as a trader, want to import goods from a non-EU country into the EU.
You also need an EORI number for exports with a value of more than 1,000 euros or a weight of more than 1,000 kg. All natural or legal persons who carry out their activities in order to generate profit need an EORI number. Therefore, the EORI number is also issued to small entrepreneurs and persons working in agriculture. Whether the EORI number is issued to private individuals depends on whether more than 10 shipments/year are exported/imported. If so, the EORI number can be requested.
Can I import without EORI?
The import of goods from a non-EU country into the EU is in principle only possible for private individuals without an EORI number. However, if you have recently applied for an EORI number and you have not yet been assigned it, the import is exceptionally possible without an EORI number. To do this, you must send the application for EORI number to your customs agent, along with the customs transaction number or receipt that the application is in progress.
Where can I see my EORI number?
You can see your EORI number in the letter that you received from the General Customs Directorate in Dresden. If you are no longer aware of this, you can request it by phone or in writing at any customs office.
What does the EORI number look like?
Depending on which country of the EU the owner of the EORI number is located, the EORI number is structured differently.
A German EORI number always starts with the two letters "DE" with a subsequent 15-digit random sequence of numbers.
When does the EORI number have to be on the invoice?
Some companies that regularly import from the Far East automatically write the EORI number to the supplier's account. This can be done, for example.B by writing in the address line, so that you also specify your EORI number in the billing address. This procedure may help the customs agent to process the shipment more quickly. The same applies to shipments that you ship to a non-EU country.
However, there is in principle no obligation to mention the EORI number on the invoice.
Where do I apply for an EORI number or how do I get an EORI number?
You can apply for a German EORI number directly online via the Citizens and Business Customer Portal using your ELSTER certificate.
The alternative would be to fill in the application for EORI number, sign it and send it by fax or e-mail to the competent authority. When applying using form 0870a, you can obtain the EORI number without an Eltster certificate.
Who doesn't need an EORI number?
Important: You do NOT need an EORI number in the following cases:
- for applying for a carnet ATA
- for the registration of a move / of moving goods
- for intra-Community supplies (transports within the EU)
What happens next?
If you still have any ambiguities about the EORI number, you can read more here:
Once you have requested your EORI number, you are ready to import or export goods. Here you will find our customs price list, where you can also access our contact form with one click. Give us a brief report on your case and we will advise you without obligation and free of charge for the preparation of the customs documents required for your individual case.